Juni Der Mittelfeldspieler steht derzeit bei Borussia Dortmund unter Vertrag. VfB Stuttgart seine Fühler nach Gonzalo Castro ausgestreckt haben. Foto: dpa, fg jai. Er ist ein Sohn spanischer Eltern, die aus beruflichen Grunden nach Deutschland auswanderten. In der Jugend spielte er für den Post SV. Juni Gonzalo Castro hat bei Borussia Dortmund zu geringe Aussichten auf Spielzeit. Er würde damit einer Tradition folgen.
Dortmund  has since adapted, with its century-long steel and coal industries having been shifted to high-technology areas, including biomedical technology , micro systems technology , and services.
This has led Dortmund to become a regional centre for hi-tech industry. In the first cornerstone was laid on the Phoenix area. The work started with full speed to manage the work with over 2.
On 1 October , the largest and most highly anticipated milestone could be celebrated: Since 9 May , the fences disappeared and the Phoenix See has been completed.
On 3 November , more than 20, people were evacuated after a 4,pound bomb from World War II was found. German authorities safely defused the bomb.
Dortmund is an independent city located in the east of the Ruhr area, one of the largest urban areas in Europe see also: The following cities border Dortmund clockwise starting from north-east: Moreover, Dortmund is part of Westphalian Lowland and adjoins with the Ardey Hills in the south of the city to the Sauerland.
The Klusenberg , a hill that is part of the Ardey range, is located just north of the Hengsteysee and the highest point of Dortmund There is also a pumped-storage plant on this reservoir, named Koepchenwerk.
The lowest point can be found in the northern borough of Brechten at The Emscher is a small river and has its wellspring in Holzwickede , east of the city of Dortmund, and flows west through Dortmund.
Dortmund comprises 62 neighbourhoods which in turn are grouped into twelve boroughs called Stadtbezirke , often named after the most important neighbourhood.
Each Stadtbezirk is assigned a Roman numeral and has a local governing body of nineteen members with limited authority. Most of the boroughs were originally independent municipalities but were gradually annexed from to This long-lasting process of annexation has led to a strong identification of the population with "their" boroughs or districts and to a rare peculiarity: The centre can be subdivided into historically evolved city districts whose borders are not always strictly defined, such as.
Winters are comparatively mild, summers rather cool. Precipitation evenly falls throughout the year; steady rain with some snow , prevails in the wintertime, isolated showers dominate the summer season.
Dortmund features characteristics of densely populated areas as for example the occurrence of urban heat islands is typical. During the 19th century the area around Dortmund called Ruhr attracted up to , ethnic Poles , Masurians and Silesians from East Prussia and Silesia in a migration known as Ostflucht flight from the east.
Most of the new inhabitants came from Eastern Europe, but immigrants also came from France , Ireland , and the United Kingdom.
Almost all their descendants today speak German as a mother tongue, and for various reasons they do not identify with their Polish roots and traditions, often only their Polish family names remaining as a sign of their past.
Not taking the fluctuation of war years into account, the population figures rose constantly to , in Today with a population of It is also the largest city in the Ruhr agglomeration.
Contrary to earlier projections, population figures have been on the rise in recent years due to net migration gains.
Dortmund has seen a moderate influx of younger people 18 to 25 years of age mainly because of its universities. Consequently, respective figures have been corrected, which resulted in a statistical "loss" of 9, inhabitants in Dortmund.
As of [update] the largest Christian denominations were Protestantism The Church of the Holy Apostles gre. The Jewish community has a history dating back to Medieval times and has always ranked among the largest in Westphalia.
Due to the growing immigration of people from Muslim countries beginning in the s. Dortmund has a large Muslim community with more than 30 Mosques.
Since , Dortmund is divided into twelve administrative districts. The district councils are advisory only. Dortmund is often called the Herzkammer der SPD roughly translated as "heartland of the Social democrats" , which is the politically dominant party in the city.
During the Nazi era — , mayors were installed by the Nazi Party. After World War II, the military government of the British occupation zone installed a new mayor and a municipal constitution modeled on that of British cities.
Since the end of the war, the SPD has held a relative majority in the town council - except from to He has had to work with changing majorities in the local council.
The last municipal election was held on 25 May The SPD reached Dortmund has a large number of international relations and partnerships.
It is currently twinned with: The reconstruction of the city followed the style of the s, while respecting the old layout and naming of the streets.
The downtown of Dortmund still retains the outline of the medieval city. Thus, the city today is characterized by simple and modest post-war buildings, with a few interspersed pre-war buildings which were reconstructed due to their historical importance.
Some buildings of the "Wiederaufbauzeit" era of reconstruction , for example the opera house are nowadays regarded as classics of modern architecture.
Unlike the Dortmund city centre, much of the inner districts around the old medieval centre escaped damage in the second world war and post war redevelopment.
The Kreuzviertel is characterised by old buildings, the majority of which come from the turn of the 20th century to In the second World War , relatively few buildings were destroyed in comparison to other areas of the city.
Today, Kreuzviertel forms a nearly homogeneous historic building area. Moreover, local efforts to beautify and invigorate the neighbourhood have reinforced a budding sense of community and artistic expression.
The West park is the green lung of the Kreuzviertel and in the months between May and October a centre of the student urban life. The district has the highest real estate prices in Dortmund.
Even today many artists choose Kreuzviertel as their residence: The northern downtown part of Dortmund called Nordstadt, situated in a territory of As the largest homogeneous old building area in Ruhr the Nordstadt is a melting pot of different people of different countries and habits just a few steps from the city center.
All of the residents live in a densely populated hectare area the most densely populated residential area in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia with steelworks, port and railway lines acting as physical barriers cutting off the area from the city centre and other residential districts.
The area has been badly affected by the deindustrialisation of these heavy industries, with the target area developing a role as the home for growing numbers of immigrants and socially disadvantaged groups partly because of the availability of cheaper although poor quality accommodation.
There is also much equipment for children to spend their free time. For example, the 35 meters high Big Tipi, which was brought in from the Expo in Hanover.
All of that should attract families to settle in, but low prices of apartments and a variety of renting offers speak for the contrary. This developed into the youngest population of Dortmund is living and created a district with art house cinemas to ethnic stores, from exotic restaurants to student pubs.
The Borsigplatz is probably one of the best known squares in the Nordstadt. Ballspielverein Borussia Dortmund was founded nearby, north-east of the main railway station.
The streets radiating outward to form a star shape, the sycamore in the middle of the square and the tramline running diagonally across the square give Borsigplatz its very own flair.
In this district numerous magnificent buildings from the s and new buildings from the s are located next to the heritage-protected State Mining Office Dortmund, several Courts, Consulate and the East Cemetery.
The district is characterize by the employee of the Amtsgericht, Landgericht the first and second instances of ordinary jurisdiction and the Prison.
The Moltkestreet also known as the Cherry Blossom Avenue, became famous after photographers started posting pictures of blooming trees. The Union District is located west of the former ramparts of Dortmund and follows the course of the Westenhellweg.
Today it is developing an inspiring young artist scene, with more and more students thanks to cheaper apartments near the university and a vibrant gastronomy.
This development benefits strongly from the new, widely visible beacon, the art and creative centre Dortmunder U, opened in Yet, for a time, it was mainly the Union Gewerbehof activists and other single stakeholders who initiated change.
Lake Phoenix was one of the largest urban redevelopment projects in Europe. On the area of the former blast furnace and steel plant site of ThyssenKrupp newly formed and developed a new urban resident and recreational area 3 kilometers 2.
The water surface area of 24 acres is larger than the Hamburg Alster. Lake Phoenix is a shallow water lake with a depth of 3 to 4 meters and a capacity of around , cubic meters.
Attractive high priced residential areas were thus created on the southern and northern sides of the Lake.
The finished sole is primarily fed by groundwater and unpolluted rainwater from the new building sites. Together with the renatured Emscher, the Lake forms a water landscape of 33 hectares, which, as a linking area, is an important element of the Emscher landscape park.
The renaturation of the Emscher River is managed by the public water board Emschergenossenschaft. The financial frame is 4. The trail links tourist attractions related to the industrial heritage in the whole Ruhr area in Germany.
Other tall buildings are the churches around the city centre. A selection of the tallest office buildings in Dortmund is listed below.
Dortmund also serves as a major European and German crossroads for the Autobahnsystem. The Ruhrschnellweg follows old Hanseatic trade routes to connect the city with the other metropolises of the Ruhr Area.
According to Der Spiegel , it is the most congested motorway in Germany. Connections to more distant parts of Germany are maintained by Autobahn routes A1 and A2 , which traverse the north and east city limits and meet at the Kamener Kreuz interchange north-east of Dortmund.
As with most communes in the Ruhr area, local transport is carried out by a local, publicly owned company for transport within the city, the DB Regio subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn for regional transport and Deutsche Bahn itself for long-distance journeys.
The local carrier, Dortmunder Stadtwerke DSW21 , is a member of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr VRR association of public transport companies in the Ruhr area, which provides a uniform fare structure in the whole region.
The central train station Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is the third largest long distance traffic junction in Germany.
For public transportation, the city has an extensive Stadtbahn and bus system. The trains that run on the line are in fact lightrails as many lines travel along a track in the middle of the street instead of underground further from the city centre.
The minimum service interval is 2. In April , the newly constructed east-west underground light rail line was opened, completing the underground service in the city centre and replacing the last trams on the surface.
A number of bus lines complete the Dortmund public transport system. Night buses replace U-Bahn and tram services between 1: The central junction for the night bus service is Reinoldikirche in the city centre, where all night bus lines start and end.
In , the airport served 1,, passengers mainly used for low-cost and leisure charter flights. Dortmund Harbour Hafen is the largest canal harbour in Europe and the 11th fluvial harbour in Germany.
ICE 3 on the Dortmund Hauptbahnhof. Stadtbahnwagen B Light Rail Vehicle. Dortmund Airport — Main Terminal T2.
Dortmund has adapted since the collapse of its century long steel, coal and beer industries. The region has shifted to high technology, robotics , biomedical technology , micro systems technology , engineering, tourism, finance, education, services and is thus one of the most dynamic new-economy cities in Germany.
In , Dortmund was classified as a Node city in the Innovation Cities Index published by 2thinknow. Dortmund is also home to a number of medium-sized information technology companies,  many linked to the local university TU Dortmund at the first technology center in Germany named "Technologiepark Dortmund" opened in the s.
With around companies like Boehringer Ingelheim and Verizon Communications and more than 8, employees, TechnologiePark Dortmund is one of the most successful technology parks in Europe.
The city works closely with research institutes, private universities, and companies to collaborate on the commercialisation of science initiatives.
Dortmund is home to many insurance companies e. In recent years a service sector and high-tech industry have grown up. Dortmund is also the headquarter of Century Media Records , a heavy metal record label with offices in the United States and London.
Tourism in Dortmund is a fast-growing economic factor every year: A new Tourist Information center right next to the U-Tower, gives visitors a quick overview of the tourist attractions in the City and Ruhr Area.
The majority of tourists are domestic visitors, coming from Germany. Dortmund also draws business tourism , having been equipped with facilities like WILO, Amprion next to Westfalenhallen and football tourism with Fans of Borussia Dortmund.
Today some of the most reputed shops, department stores have stores here. It is a pedestrian-only area and is bordered by the Reinoldikirche in the east and U-Tower in the west.
The Westenhellweg has one of the highest rents for retail and office space in North Rhine-Westphalia. In a new shopping mall named Thier-Galerie opened, with nearly stores and chains, including; Armani , Adidas , Diesel and Hollister.
During the month before Christmas , the extended pedestrian-only zone is host to Dortmund Christmas Market , one of the largest and oldest Christmas markets in Germany.
With more than 3. It is located between the Ostenhellweg and Neutor to Wallring. Dortmund is one of the most important logistic hubs in Germany, more than companies working in logistics, as well as nationally and internationally recognised scientific institutes.
The variety of different activities taking place at the Fraunhofer Institute Material Flow and Logistics Fraunhofer Society has, over the past few years, led to a bundling of skills in the areas of logistics and digitalisation in the city.
Industry-based initiatives and pilot projects, such as the Hybrid Services in Logistics innovation lab, the efficiency cluster LogistikRuhr, Industrial Data Space, the Dortmund Mittelstand 4.
Important fairs restricted to professionals include "D. As a profoundly international city, Dortmund hosts diplomatic missions consulates and consulates-general of Italy ,  Greece ,  Bangladesh ,  Ghana ,  South Africa ,  the Czech Republic ,  and Slovenia.
Two important daily newspapers are published in and around Dortmund. The conservative Ruhr Nachrichten , also known as RN , was founded in The RN has a circulation of over , copies daily.
Several magazines also originate from Dortmund. Visions is a German music magazine with a circulation of approximately 35, Each day, it produces a minute regional evening news magazine called Lokalzeit Ruhr , a 5-minute afternoon news programme, and several radio news programmes.
A local broadcasting station called Radio Warning , Do Fish Do It? Dortmund has schools and 17 business, technical colleges teach more than 85, pupils.
The city has a 4-year primary education program. After completing primary school, students continue to the Hauptschule, Realschule, Gesamtschule or Gymnasium college preparatory school.
The Stadtgymnasium Dortmund which was founded in as Archigymnasium is one of the oldest schools in Europe. The school is an International Baccalaureate school.
Technical University of Dortmund founded in is located in the southern part of the city. It has about 30, students and a wide range of subjects in of physics , electrical engineering , chemistry , spatial planning and economics.
The university is highly ranked in terms of its research performance in the areas of physics , electrical engineering , chemistry and economics.
Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and Arts is a Fachhochschule with 12, students, and staff, of which are professors.
The Fachhochschule was created by a merger of several institutions of higher learning in Owing to its history as separate institutions, it consists of three campuses in different parts of Dortmund.
Additional offices in the city centre are used for administrative purposes. The city is the site of several other universities, colleges and academies, which attract about 45, students.
Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and Arts. The city has a high density of internationally renowned research institutions, such as the Fraunhofer Society , the Leibniz Association and the Max Planck Society , which are independent of, or only loosely connected to its universities.
In a study of the most livable biggest cities in Germany , Dortmund ranked on position ten between Nurmberg and Stuttgart and first of all large cities in Germany due to sport, gastronomy and shopping opportunities.
In , Dortmund was classified as a Node city in the Innovation Cities Index published by 2thinknow  and is the most sustainable city in Germany.
The city has a long tradition of music and theatre. The orchestra was founded in and is now called Dortmunder Philharmoniker. It is operated by Theater Dortmund together with other locations, including since the Konzerthaus Dortmund.
The Dortmund U-Tower, which was once a brewery, is now European centre for creative economy and the Museum am Ostwall. Dortmund leading cabaret-stage is the Cabaret Queue, which is located next to Lake phoenix.
Some other famous cabaret-stages are the Fletch Bizzel and the theatre Olpktetal. The most important cabaret event is the RuhrHOCHdeutsch, which is one of the most successful cabaret festivals in Germany.
It features artists from around the world. Dortmund is also famous for its Christmas market, which draws well over three and a half million visitors of stalls around a gigantic Christmas tree creation that stands 45 metres tall.
In his youth, Castro was invited by the Spanish Football Federation to several courses. There he delivered solid performances.
His biggest footballing success was winning the U Championship in Sweden under coach Horst Hrubesch. In a 4—0 victory in the final against England, Castro scored the first goal in the 23rd minute.
In the European Championship qualifier against the Czech Republic on 24 March , Castro was called up to the senior squad for the first time and four days later, he made his debut against Denmark.
This was followed by four more international appearances. Since then, Castro has never featured in the national squad. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This name uses Spanish naming customs: Retrieved 27 February Archived from the original on 21 June Retrieved 23 June Archived from the original on 25 May Retrieved 24 May Retrieved 15 March Retrieved 29 June Retrieved 8 August Retrieved 13 August Retrieved 13 March